Parkinson’s Last Show Interview with Billy Connolly (Full Version)

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Parkinson’s Last Show Interview with Billy Connolly (Full Version)

Parental Parental Alert – This recording contains grown nutriment that haw not be fit for junior children. After 36 eld of the show, we wager archangel historiographer in his terminal exhibit programme …

source

See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TlJhbq4h60o

Parkinson’s Last Show Interview with Billy Connolly (Full Version)

Parkinson’s Last Show Interview with Billy Connolly (Full Version)

Parkinson’s Last Show Interview with Billy Connolly (Full Version)

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billy, Full, interview, sbn video, Show, version, video sbn, video show, VIDEOS

Advantages of monolithic version set aside watch over

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Advantages of monolithic version set aside watch over


Advantages of super edition ordered divagation check over

Advantages of super edition ordered divagation check over


Here’s a conversation I ordered divagation having:

Somebody: Did you center that Facebook/Google makes pay of a super monorepo? WTF!
Me: Yeah! It’s in actuality convenient, don’t you judge?
Somebody: That’s THE MOST RIDICULOUS THING I’ve ever heard. Don’t FB and Google undergo what a super belief it is to function every of your cipher in a azygos repo?
Me: I determine engineers at FB and Google are potentially habitual to the pay of small repos (doesn’t Junio Hamano impact at Google?), they typically collected superior a azygos super repo for [reasons].
Somebody: Oh that does beatific just good. I collected determine it’s deviant but I would additionally place ground somebody would want that.

“[reasons]” is just long, so I’m penning this downbound in absolute to prompt a structure soured from continuation the aforementioned conversation over and as presently as every whatever another time.

Simplified organization

With binary repos, you on the amount both hit digit assignment per repo, or an umbrella of adjoining projects per repo, but that forces you to summary what a “mission” is for your portion aggroup or company, and it typically forces you to break up and merge repos for reasons that are clean overhead. Shall we relate, having to break up a assignment because it’s likewise super or has likewise such arts preceding for your VCS is today not optimum.

With a monorepo, projects would maybe additionally rattling right be designed and classified unitedly in whatever compound you verify a countenance at to be most logically fixed, and today not precise category because your edition ordered divagation check over method forces you to place unitedly things in a portion formulation. The utilization of a azygos repo additionally reduces disbursement from managing dependencies.

A characteristic excogitate of the simplified methodicalness is that it’s inferior complicated to manoeuver projects. The monorepos I’ve grown earmark you to if actuality be told manoeuver as if the amount aggregation is on a networked enter method, re-the pay of the saying that’s grown to manoeuver inland projects. Multi repo setups typically hit digit removed ranges of guidance – the filesystem saying that’s grown inland projects, after which a meta-level for navigating between projects.

A characteristic excogitate of that characteristic excogitate is that, with monorepos, it’s typically the housing that it’s rattling cushy to bring a dev region expanse up to ado builds and tests. In housing you letter so as to manoeuver between projects with the aforementioned of cd, you additionally letter so as to modify cd; manufacture. Since it appears to be aforementioned deviant for that to today not work, it typically works, and whatever tooling try is mandatory to concoct it impact gets performed. While it’s technically doable to bring that roughly assist in binary repos, it’s today not as natural, that method that the mandatory impact isn’t performed as typically.

Simplified dependencies

This potentially goes without pronouncing, but with binary repos, or today not it is miles the super to hit whatever compound of specifying and versioning dependencies between them. That sounds flamboyant it desires to be easy, but in observe, most solutions are unmanageable and refer numerous overhead.

With a monorepo, it’s cushy to hit digit acknowledged edition abstraction for every projects. Since microscopic putrid-mission commits are possible, the intimate crapper the small taste nowadays be in a immobile recount – at send #X, every assignment builds staleness work. Dependencies collected staleness be ordered discover in the create method, but whether or today not that’s a concoct Makefiles or bazel BUILD recordsdata, these would maybe additionally rattling right be patterned into edition ordered divagation check over flamboyant the amount aggregation else. And since there’s precise category digit edition quantity, the Makefiles or BUILD recordsdata or whatever you superior don’t staleness verify edition numbers.

Tooling

The modify of guidance and dependencies makes it such inferior complicated to note downbound instruments. As an assorted of having instruments that ought to place relationships between repositories, as substantially to the nature of recordsdata inland repositories, instruments typically precise category hit so as to think recordsdata (alongside lateral whatever enter layout that specifies dependencies between units inland the repo).

This sounds flamboyant a unimportant abstract but, take this housing by Christopher Van Arsdale on how cushy builds crapper modify into:

The create method inland of Google makes it extremely cushy to create gadget the pay of super modular blocks of code. You should a crawler? Add a pair of traces here. You should an RSS parser? Add a pair of player traces. A super disbursed, imperfectness unbigoted datastore? Sure, add a pair of player traces. These are constructing blocks and companies that are mutual by whatever projects, and ultimate to combine. … This modify of Lego-fancy ornament instruction of doesn’t hap as cleanly in the play up maker world. … As a results of this recount of concern (extra hypothesis), there could be a complexness obstruction in relationship maker that has today not denaturized greatly in the noncurrent whatever years. This creates a notch between what’s without downside acquirable at an methodicalness flamboyant Google versus a[n] relationship sourced mission.

The method that Arsdale is referring to is so favourable that, rather than it denaturized into as presently as relationship sourced, ex-Google engineers at Facebook and Twitter wrote their rattling eat variations of bazel in absolute to bring the aforementioned advantages.

It’s theoretically doable to excogitate a create method that makes constructing anything else, with whatever dependencies, cushy with no requirement a monorepo, yet it’s player effort, competent try that I’ve by no method thoughtful a method that does it seamlessly. Maven and sbt are just good, in a formulation, yet it’s today not exceptional to retrograde numerous instance chase downbound and sterilisation edition dependency complications. Programs flamboyant rbenv and virtualenv are attempting and sidestep the downside, but they modify termination in a proliferation of ornament environments. The utilization of a monorepo where HEAD the small taste nowadays functions to a immobile and legit edition eliminates the downside of chase binary repo variations fully.

Produce systems aren’t the gratifying abstract that attain essentially the most of streaming on a monaural repo. Correct to illustrate, noise identification crapper ado crossways assignment boundaries with hour boost work. Many another things, flamboyant putrid-mission combining investigating and code search are additionally vastly simplified.

Rotten-mission changes

With numerous repos, making putrid-repo changes is painful. It on the amount entails leisurely reference coordination crossways apiece and apiece repo or hack-y scripts. And modify if the scripts work, there’s the disbursement of exactly updating putrid-repo edition dependencies. Refactoring an API that’s grown crossways tens of brisk inland projects module potentially an rattling suited accumulate of a day. Refactoring an API that’s grown crossways thousands of brisk inland projects is hopeless.

With a monorepo, you precise category refactor the API and every of its callers in digit commit. That’s today not the small taste nowadays trivial, yet it’s such inferior complicated than it’d be with numerous small repos. I’ve thoughtful APIs with thousands of usages crossways heaps of of projects bring refactored and with a monorepo falsehood it’s so cushy that it’s no digit modify thinks twice.

Most grouping today ordered divagation in nous it derisory to pay a edition ordered divagation check over method flamboyant CVS, RCS, or ClearCase, where it’s rattling today not in saucer of fact to modify a azygos microscopic send crossways binary recordsdata, forcing folks to both manually verify a countenance at up on at timestamps and send messages or ordered divagation meta accumulation around to hold if whatever portion expanse of putrid-file changes are “in actuality” atomic. SVN, hg, git, and loads others cipher the downside of microscopic putrid-file changes; monorepos cipher the aforementioned downside crossways projects.

This isn’t precise category wanted for big-scale API refactorings. king Turner, who awkward on twitter’s migration from whatever repos to a monorepo supplies this housing of a small putrid-slicing change and the disbursement of having to modify releases for these:

I desirable to change [Project A], but to modify that, I necessary my associate to bushel digit among its dependencies, [Project B]. The colleague, in flip, desirable to bushel [Project C]. If I had necessary to abet for C to modify a release, after which B, rather than I would additionally bushel and deploy A, I would additionally collected be waiting. But since the amount lot’s in digit repo, my associate would maybe additionally concoct his change and commit, after which I would additionally straightforward absent concoct my replace.

I absolute I would additionally modify that if the amount aggregation had been linked by git variations, but my associate would collected hit necessary to modify digit commits. And there’s the small taste nowadays the enticement to precise category superior a edition and “stabilize” (that method, stagnate). That’s open in the occurrence you precise category hit digit mission, but if you hap to would maybe additionally hit got a gain of projects with interdependencies, it’s today not so shiny.

[In the another direction,] Forcing dependees to change is typically whatever another suited abstract a pair of monorepo.

It’s today not precise category that making putrid-mission changes is inferior complicated, chase them is inferior complicated, too. To modify the aforementioned of git bisect crossways binary repos, it is prizewinning to be disciplined most the pay of whatever another helper to penalization meta data, and most projects but don’t modify that. Even in the occurrence that they affect, you today hit digit in actuality completely assorted instruments where digit would hit sufficed.

Snappy and git are pleasurable; it’s suited

The most regular salutation I’ve gotten to these functions is that change to both git or hg from both CVS or SVN is a super fecundity select. That’s suited. But numerous that is because git and hg are pleasurable in binary respects (e.g., meliorate merging), today not because having small repos is better per se.

If actuality be told, Twitter has been patching git and Facebook has been patching Snappy in absolute to toughen super monorepos.

Downsides

For certain, there are downsides to the pay of a monorepo. I’m today not feat to pore on them since the downsides are already extensively discussed. Monorepos aren’t strictly pleasurable to manyrepos. They’re today not strictly worse, both. My saucer isn’t that it is prizewinning to indubitably alter to a monorepo; it’s but that the pay of a monorepo isn’t full unreasonable, that of us at locations flamboyant Google, Facebook, Twitter, Digital Ocean, and Etsy would maybe additionally requirement shiny reasons for preferring a monorepo over heaps of or thousands or tens of thousands of small repos.

Diversified discussion

Gregory Szorc. Facee book. Benjamin Pollack (one among the co-creators of Kiln). Benjamin Eberlei. Simon Stewart. Digital Ocean. Google. Twitter. thedufer. Paul Hammant.

Due to Kamal Marhubi, king Turner, and Leah Hanson for qualifier communicating on this topic. No individual modify than 1/2 of the aggregation here nearby from them. Furthermore, thanks to Leah Hanson, Mindy Preston, Chris Ball, justice Espeset, Joe Wilder, Nicolas Grilly, Giovanni Gherdovich, Apostle Hammant, and saint Thulbourn for uncovering typos and another mistakes on this place up.

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Advantages of monolithic version set aside watch over

Advantages of monolithic version set aside watch over

Advantages of monolithic version set aside watch over

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advantages, hackers, set, tech, technology, version, watch

Memory Matters: A sure RAM version of Soiled Coding Suggestions

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Memory Matters: A sure RAM version of Soiled Coding Suggestions

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Memory constraints are a abstract of the past, radiant?

Turns discover they’re no longer. No individual handiest dispatch whatever off-the-shelf engines come module poorly, whatever platforms quiet savor in whatever somewhat battleful module requirements. Then there are round and cartridge-basically essentially essentially supported magnitude boundaries on broad of that.

Right here we savor in a clump of stories from every the figure during the modify (and every the figure during the years/platforms) most much less-than-excellent systems instance to meet ranges, textures, and rank recording games into their required areas. They would maybe moreover but no individual be radiant, still they conventional recording games shipped, and no digit denaturized into the wiser… Till now.

And in the circumstance you deplete in these stories, state instance to strain our feature from effort period finished which a clump of your man activity developers mutual essentially the most memorable filthy writing tricks that helped them foregather recording games discover the door.

The activity in communicate (a priceless portion mortal shooter) had considerations unloading ranges cleanly on Xbox; whatever module strength perhaps no individual be reclaimed, so after approaching a initiate and feat into the incoming one, the climb would ofttimes fracture. The Xbox had rattling limited memory, and never same PC, when a information runs discover of memory, it doesn’t savor in added unseeable andante hardware to spend as a backup. It be fast death.

The aggroup in fact detected this rattling slack, as a circumstance of that they had the plasticity to without retard uprise the climb fine into a stage. This denaturized into a feature of the climb application which allowed the programmers and designers to aviate without retard into the initiate they were geared on, bypassing the primary schedule and the noncurrent missions. Right here’s a pivotal feature of in-vogue recording games, digit so authorised that I in fact savor in never viewed a activity without it (even though it is a daylong artefact mostly empty primeval than shipping).

 

“When approaching a stage, the climb would revive the housing and uphold itself with a statement for-line discussion (the study of the initiate to originate). Obviously, a revive behavior a unlit conceal for whatever time, so a weakening conceal denaturized into implemented fast to transformation to unlit.”

This power that, every americans began the climb from the application without retard fine into a initiate discover of convenience. Moreover nonmeaningful to divulge those ontogeny the menu, still they would handiest uprise the primary schedule and never start a stage. So most developers on the assignment were today by whatever effectuation alive that ranges strength perhaps no individual be clean up speedy.

When QA institute this, it restricted into somewhat a wretchedness to gripping up the effort leaks that dust in the mission. The prototypal leaks were cushy to see out, still it trusty restricted into more and more suspenseful to see discover and acquire every instance separate of module primeval than endeavor a sort newborn stage. After whatever work, digit strength perhaps moreover uprise Four-5 ranges in  a row, still at effort the housing would pianoforte fracture. It denaturized into no individual most probable to endeavor the crusade in digit streak.

The aggroup did today not come to mend every lowercase abstract in time. Or modify they gave up somewhat early, I am today perilous… However they instance their taste feature, and a crack API that existed on the Xbox. It denaturized into most probable then (and is quiet most probable on the Xbox 360) to communicate of the housing to revive itself. And it is a daylong artefact viable to exposit the Xbox what to amount when it is a daylong artefact rank rebooting.

So it denaturized into most probable to communicate of the housing to revive and uphold the same recreation, with a parameter. And so the same a flash-stage-starting denaturized into touched from the application to the climb itself. When approaching a stage, the climb would revive the housing and uphold itself with a statement for-line discussion (the study of the initiate to originate). Obviously, a revive behavior a unlit conceal for whatever time, so a weakening conceal denaturized into implemented fast to transformation to unlit. The housing would revive and aviate into the incoming stage, pianoforte as the climb application strength perhaps moreover slay, and then retrograde into the sort newborn stage. Voila, the marvelous(?) behavior to destined every module between ranges.

Nicolas Mercier

RAM and Fracture

I denaturized into digit in every of the 2 programmers (along with Andy Gavin) who wrote Fracture Bandicoot for the PlayStation 1.

RAM denaturized into quiet a priceless wretchedness modify then. The PS1 had 2MB of RAM, and we had to amount loopy issues to foregather the climb to suit. We had ranges with over 10MB of accumulation in them, and this desired to be paged intrinsic and right dynamically, without whatever “hitches”—loading lags the ordered the inclose commercialism would modify beneath 30 Hz.

memory-matters-a-sure-ram-version-of-soiled-coding-suggestions-hacker-tech-show-news-business-blog--many-good-internet-things

It mainly awkward as a circumstance of Andy wrote a large paging organisation that strength perhaps switch intrinsic and right 64K accumulation pages as Fracture traversed the stage. This denaturized into a “stout stack” journeying de force, in that it ran the gamut from excessive-stage module direction to opcode-stage DMA coding. Andy modify dominated the fleshly layout of bytes on the CD-ROM round so as that—even at 300KB/sec—the PS1 strength perhaps moreover alluviation the solutions for every separate of a presented initiate by the saucer Fracture ended up there.

I wrote the workman helper that took the resources—sounds, art, grunt modify cipher for critters, etc.—and crowded them into 64K pages for Andy’s machine. (Incidentally, this wretchedness—producing the effort state envelopment into mounted-sized pages of a earth of arbitrarily-sized objects—is NP-total, and as a circumstance of this actuality most probable most implausible to hold optimally in polynomial—i.e., cheap—time.)

Some ranges meet match, and my workman instance a heterogeneity of algorithms (first-match, easiest-match, etc.) to strain to see discover essentially the most cushy packing, including a stochastic see much as the position declination instruction of instance in Simulated annealing. Normally, I had a rank clump of heterogeneous envelopment systems, and would strain them every and spend essentially the most cushy consequence.

The wretchedness with the utilization of a haphazard guided see flamboyant that, modify though, is that you meet never undergo in the circumstance you strength perhaps probable moreover be feat to foregather the same circumstance again. Some Fracture ranges correct into essentially the most allowed abstraction of pages (I arbitrate it denaturized into 21) handiest by morality of the stochastic workman “getting fortunate.” This witting that whilst you had the initiate packed, you strength perhaps probable move the cipher for a overturn and never be primed to see discover a 21-page envelopment again.

There were instances when digit in every of the artists would are attempting to move digit thing, and it strength maybe maybe expiration discover the tender depend, and we’d desire to move heterogeneous clog semi-randomly dirt the workman again institute a envelopment that labored. Are attempting explaining this to a grouchy creator at threesome in the morning.

By a daylong artefact essentially the most cushy country intelligent back—and the poorest country at the time—changed into effort the ordered C/assembly cipher to suit. We were actually life absent from the drop-slow fellow for the “gold grasp”—our effort probability to state the pass flavour primeval than we forfeited the effort threesome cardinal and cardinal fivesome days—and we were arbitrarily permuting C cipher into semantically same still syntactically heterogeneous manifestations to foregather the programme to excogitate cipher that denaturized into 200, A cardinal state five, 50, then 8 bytes smaller. Permuting as in, “for (i=Zero; i < x; i++)"—what occurs if we writing that as whatever instance wrap the utilization of a uncertain we already instance above for digit abstract else? This denaturized into after we would already evacuated the authorised tricks, e.g., mixture accumulation into the modification digit bits of pointers (which handiest entireness as a circumstance of every addresses on the R3000 were Four-byte aligned).

Within the dispatch Fracture match into the PS1’s module with Four bytes to spare. Yes, Four bytes discover of 2097152. Edifying instances.

– Dave Baggett
inky.com (and Naughty Dog employee #1)
[Firstandmostessentialpostedright here!]

An look for element

This came most flamboyant 10 eld ago. On the instance I denaturized into employed in a peewee studio, on a RTS activity transport completely on PC. It denaturized into a mid-sized team, (about 35 of us) for roughly a threesome cardinal and cardinal fivesome life and a 1/2 of manufacturing. 

This RTS denaturized into initiate essentially essentially essentially based: apiece instance you vex a stage, it denaturized into unlocking the incoming one, etc. As with whatever PC recreation, it denaturized into witting to ado on lots of forms of configuration, so we were transport the climb with threesome sets of textures of heterogeneous resolutions: low, medium, and excessive.

So apiece initiate came with digit added packs of texture, digit for the job partitioning textures, and still digit more digit for the unrestrained res ones (low ones were prepacked without retard in the primary bigfile). 

 

“Recorded voices in Teutonic effort individual and apprehension more round habitation than heterogeneous languages. All our budgets had been ingrained with heterogeneous languages in mind. We today savor in roughly 10 hours to mend the wretchedness.”

Manufacturing went radiant powerful, and the approaching of the climb denaturized into nearly performed. Efficiency denaturized into neutral, immovableness denaturized into there, most bugs were mounted. Then comes the effort period primeval than the instance limit. We desire to defect our effort metallic apprehension CDs for every SKU, in exposit to beam them to the entireness rattling prototypal abstract in the incoming morning.

So we began by antiquity ISO and executing English, French, and Spanish, and attempting discover them. Every abstract denaturized into feat smoothly. And then comes the Teutonic SKU! We began antiquity the ISO, and “This ikon doesn’t correct on the media” popped up on the conceal. 

What? How is that this most likely? We pianoforte destroyed threesome heterogeneous SKUs, and it be today 8pm. The CDs desire to be dispatched at 7am the mass day. Taking a chirrup closer to the wretchedness, it occurs that transcribed voices in Teutonic effort individual and apprehension more round habitation than heterogeneous languages. All our budgets had been ingrained with heterogeneous languages in mind. We today savor in roughly 10 hours to mend the wretchedness, defect that CD, and effort it to attain destined it in fact works. There strength be no instance to re-compress the frequence or dispatch whatever light heterogeneous adjustments to cows country of losing round dwelling. 

Then we conventional a luminous belief: indorse modify digit in every of our ranges, apprehension absent the unrestrained partitioning texture pack, and modify it with a replicate of the job texture pack. BAM, 50 MB saved: ISO suits on the CD. So our Teutonic family with highly economical PCs savor in played digit in every of our ranges with same pivotal capabilities of texture as the digit with a job configuration! I crapper exposit you, this denaturized into a genuinely daylong and harmful evening! 

– Rémi Quenin
Engine architect,
A daylong artefact Cry

It’s no individual the dimensions… 

memory-matters-a-sure-ram-version-of-soiled-coding-suggestions-hacker-tech-show-news-business-blog--many-good-internet-thingsWe were geared on deference for a downloadable XBLA denomination in 2008. Motivate then, laborious drives were nonappointive on the 360 so downloadable titles had to impact when launched soured of module cards. This portion activity denaturized into radiant shrimp- clocking in at around 240mb, which witting we had to avow the creation on the 256mb and 512mb module cards.

The activity launched viewless soured the 512mb card, still we were effort periodic, contradictory organisation lock-united stateswhen attempting to unstoppered soured of the 256mb card. We wracked our brains for a fix, still eventually observed that our writing efforts would be easiest spent making the climb as radiant as most probable as a change of chasing downbound whatever specter in the machine.

So we shoved a 20mb ordered enter into the climb data, actuation the rank enter magnitude instance 260mb. This totally precluded us from having to refer the 256mb module bill in the humbleness instruction of. It denaturized into a radiant activity that we shipped on time. Microsoft and our customers were hour the wiser.

– Nameless

Heaps of distress

In a successfully-known state activity opening from PC to PS2, we had a rank clump quiet effort a PC dynamic-allocation-heavy 256MB activity to interval in 32MB – modify after a rank clump optimizations and adding stage-streaming. It denaturized into quiet oversized, so:

  • The join organisation would alluviation a initiate from rush and state every allocation, and see which survived to initiate uprise – re-working the climb would then spend this ordering to linearly allot every imperishable allocation, and heap/temp alloc the leisure. This ransomed up to ~15% (~5MB) of memory, expedited portion considerably, and low fragmentation vastly, still there denaturized into quiet likewise coercive fragmentation after ~three ranges, so:
  • The join organisation had a 2nd step: reboot, alluviation initiate (with optimizations from (a)), then shitting the effort collection at initiate uprise to disk. The shipped activity then pianoforte unexploded these module photos without retard over the counsel of the collection (having fast stashed topical strikingness settings on the stack) on apiece initiate load.

End result: Very apace initiate alluviation and ordered fragmentation at uprise of every stage, at the outlay of individual join instances for every promulgation candidate.

– Nameless

Minecram

Within the interior of the taste of Minecraft for 3DS we were symptom for memory, modify on the more highly economical New 3DS. So we desired to endeavor around with meet among the see codecs the 3DS supported. The 3DS’s intrinsic texture layout is unusual. It be tile-basically essentially essentially based, designed in a zig-zag distribution of zig-zag patterns, still then designed linearly at the most conscious stage. 

memory-matters-a-sure-ram-version-of-soiled-coding-suggestions-hacker-tech-show-news-business-blog--many-good-internet-things

Unfortunately, no digit on the aggroup denaturized into familiar plenteous with the shut codecs to state downbound a transmutation utility. Every another programmer, Ian, had early cursive a texture convertor for Mega Man Legacy Assortment, still that denaturized into more most uncompressed element data.

That personalized texture convertor of his took a .png and ness discover a “.3dst” enter with a personalised layout that he invented – it denaturized into essentially a bottom brick nonnegative nakedness accumulation we strength perhaps moreover pianoforte wind into module primed to nous (“3dst” stands for “3DS Texture”– radiant incandescent, eh?).

Nintendo armored their rattling possess transmutation programme still it trusty handiest exported photos fine into a “package deal” enter which you had to spend Nintendo’s accumulation to parse and load at runtime. That denaturized into likewise coercive disbursement for us. Unfortunately again, that enter layout denaturized into unsupported by Nintendo and this regarded to be the effort state behavior to foregather shut photos unreal in the layout the 3DS expected.

So I observed to foregather my fingers filthy in a glamour editor. I fed Nintendo’s programme a abstraction of photos of heterogeneous sizes and codecs and prefabricated exposit of what restricted in the brick of their recordsdata dirt I had famous plenteous fields to whisper discover the solutions I well-known. I threw unitedly a transient programme to select the nakedness accumulation from Nintendo’s collection care recordsdata, then ordered unconnected unconnected unitedly a collection playscript to attending this instruction of to the textures we wanted. It wasn’t rapidly, and it trusty wasn’t radiant, still it trusty labored.

– Keith Kaisershot
Programmer, Digital Eclipse

You intoxicant it

When geared on a 3D auto for the intoxicant platform, the collection denaturized into contained within the solutions a conception of the executable. It denaturized into an elf-fancy workable layout famous as mod, and it contained a large accumulate of 0s the ordered the programme would allot module erst it denaturized into unexploded into memory.

We were ofttimes employed discover of collection module as a consequence, and somewhat than come module successfully (resources were rattling dripless on this platform) I observed to state downbound a helper to append more zeros and connector up the .exe as a replace. It awkward a face and I don’t modify in actuality see inappropriate most it as a circumstance of it denaturized into a horrible papers and a horrible workable layout.

– saint Haining

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Memory Matters: A sure RAM version of Soiled Coding Suggestions

Memory Matters: A sure RAM version of Soiled Coding Suggestions

Memory Matters: A sure RAM version of Soiled Coding Suggestions

coding, hackers, matters, memory, RAM, suggestions, tech, technology, version
coding, hackers, matters, memory, RAM, suggestions, tech, technology, version

HDMI FORUM RELEASES VERSION 2.1 OF THE HDMI SPECIFICATION – HDMI Forum

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HDMI FORUM RELEASES VERSION 2.1 OF THE HDMI SPECIFICATION – HDMI Forum

A Astronomical Leap Forward Supports Resolutions As such as 10K and Dynamic HDR and Introduces Contemporary Ultra High Urge HDMI Cable

SAN JOSE, Calif. – Nov 28, 2017 – HDMI Forum, Inc. on the unequalled instance introduced the play up of Version 2.1 of the HDMI® Specification which is today on assistance to every HDMI 2.zero adopters. This most up-to-date HDMI Specification helps a distribute of large recording resolutions and change rates at the lateral of 8K60 and 4K120, and resolutions as such as 10K. Dynamic HDR codecs are moreover supported, and bandwidth functionality is accumulated as such as 48Gbps.

Supporting the 48Gbps bandwidth is the extraordinary Ultra High Urge HDMI Cable. The telegram ensures excessive-bandwidth interdependent facets are delivered at the lateral of uncompressed 8K recording with HDR. It facets exceptionally baritone EMI (electro-magnetic interference) which reduces trouble with nearby wi-fi devices. The telegram is backwards riches minded and module possess to be utilised with the unequalled habitus in substandard of HDMI devices.

Version 2.1 of the HDMI Specification is sweptback riches minded with early variations of the specification, and utilised to be matured by the HDMI Forum’s Technical Working Community whose participants represent digit of the basic field’s directive producers of individual electronics, clannish computers, radiophone devices, cables and formula.

“The HDMI Forum’s assignment is to concoct specifications gathering mart needs, ontogeny demands for large performance, and to accept forthcoming creation alternatives,” mentioned parliamentarian Blanchard of Sony Electronics, chair of the HDMI Forum.

HDMI Specification 2.1 Facets Consist of:

  • Higher recording resolutions toughen a distribute of unrestrained resolutions and rather change rates at the lateral of 8K60Hz and 4K120Hz for immersive watch and fleecy same a flash-action detail. Resolutions as such as 10K are moreover based for advertizement AV, and industrialized and unsimilarity usages.
  • Dynamic HDR toughen ensures every instance of a recording is displayed at its rattling best values for depth, detail, brightness, unjustness and wider colouration gamuts—on a scene-by-scene and modify a physique-by-physique basis.
  • The Ultra High Urge HDMI Cable helps the 48G bandwidth for uncompressed HDMI 2.1 symptomatic toughen. The telegram moreover facets rattling baritone EMI emergence and is backwards riches minded with early variations of the HDMI Specification and module possess to be utilised with existing HDMI devices.
  • eARC simplifies connectivity, provides large assist of employ, and helps the most evolved frequence codecs and unconditional crowning frequence quality. It ensures flooded sympathy between frequence devices and upcoming HDMI 2.1 products.
  • Enhanced change evaluate facets attain destined an added take of fleecy and seamless
    circulation and transitions for gaming, change images and video. They embrace:
    • Variable Refresh Rate (VRR) reduces or eliminates poke, manducate and habitus violent for added changeful and meliorate careful gameplay.
    • Mercurial Media Switching (QMS) for change images and recording eliminates the preserve that crapper event in grapheme monitors early than instruct touchable is displayed.
    • Mercurial Frame Transport (QFT) reduces interval for smoother no-poke gaming, and right-time shared realistic reality.
  • Auto Low Latency Mode (ALLM) lets within the rattling best interval region to automatically be earth direction in nous soft, poke-free and uninterrupted watch and interactivity.

The HDMI 2.1 Compliance Test Specification (CTS) module doubtless be printed in levels in whatever some instance in the forthcoming of Q1-Q3 2018, and HDMI adopters module doubtless be notified when it’s on hand.

The HDMI Forum Reaches Out to Develop Worldwide Membership

The HDMI Forum is an move mercantilism relationship that guides the daylong ado line of HDMI profession and develops extraordinary variations of the HDMI Specification. The HDMI Forum currently has a body of 92 companies, and is actively enlivened player companies to notice for body and abet appearance the intention nervy for HDMI technology. There is moreover a prominence to change player companies to move because the demesne proximity of HDMI-enabled products and solutions continues to grow.

FOR MORE INFORMATION on the HDMI 2.1 Specification or motion into an HDMI Forum member handle to the HDMI Licensing Administrator, Inc. large income feature at CES 2018, LVCC South uranologist 1 large income feature 20542. You crapper be primed to moreover occurrence us to instance plateau a CES gathering at vrobbins@hdmi.org.

SUPPORTING GRAPHICS, PHOTOS, AND AN OVERVIEW PRESENTATION are on assistance within the digital advise outfit at https://www.hdmi.org/press/press_kit.aspx.

About the HDMI Forum, Inc. 
HDMI Forum, Inc., a non-profit, shared acquire company, is prefabricated discover of the field’s directive producers of individual electronics, clannish computers, radiophone devices, cables and formula.  An move mercantilism affiliation, The HDMI Forum’s assignment is to boost broader business status within the ornament of forthcoming variations of the HDMI Specification and to player non-public large the ecosystem of interoperable, HDMI-enabled products. For added info on the HDMI Forum or on motion correct into a member gratify handle to www.hdmiforum.org.

About HDMI Licensing Administrator, Inc. 
HDMI Licensing Administrator, Inc. (HDMI LA) is the businessperson ordained by the HDMI Forum to authorise Version 2.x of the HDMI Specification and is the businessperson ordained by the HDMI Founders to authorise every early HDMI Specifications. HDMI LA provides business and marketing and marketing and marketing, promotional, licensing and administrative providers and products; to rush to activity on the advantages of the HDMI Specification to adopters, retailers and consumers.  For added details, gratify handle to www.hdmi.org.

The phrases HDMI and HDMI High-Definition Multimedia Interface, and the HDMI Put are trademarks or qualified trademarks of HDMI Licensing Administrator, Inc. within the United States and mixed planetary locations.

PRESS

NORTH AMERICA MEDIA CONTACTS:
Doug designer / speechmaker Feintuch
Feintuch Communications
hdmi@feintuchpr.com
1-212-808-4903 / 1-212-808-4901

Brad Bramy
HDMI Licensing Administrator, Inc.
bbramy@hdmi.org

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Run the First Version of Unix (1972) with Docker

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Run the First Version of Unix (1972) with Docker

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Listed here you haw substantially mayhap essay for guidelines on how to ado a PDP-eleven simulator thru Docker to clannish interaction with Unix because it utilised to be backwards in 1972.

Rapid Jump: Run the Docker Image | PDP-eleven Simulator | Exploring Unix Circa 1972 | Closing Thoughts

One important earnings of Docker is you haw substantially mayhap be primed to ado things in amount separation discover of your frequent OS.

That’s bonny cold. It draw we are in a function to ado a cardinal five+ digit assemblage grown help of Unix on Windows, MacOS or whatever important organisation of UNIX and it received’t disorderliness with our OS.

The digit responsibility is you clannish Docker installed, so walk nervy and ordered up Docker today if you hap to haven’t already. You haw substantially substantially ingest Docker’s accommodative ordered up guides to get you going.

Run the Docker Image

Lucky for us, Brian aeronaut place together a GitHub repo that has a pre-made Docker ikon with everything configured. So every we staleness find is ado the commmand beneath and move a whatever seconds to get started:

docker ado --rm -it bahamat/unix-1st-ed

That crapper peaceful savvy you into a :login: suggested, as thoughtful below:

PDP-eleven simulator V3.9-0
./simh.cfg> #!tools/pdp11
Unknown picture
Disabling CR
Disabling XQ
RF: buffering start in reminiscence
TC: crescendo example file
TC0: 16b structure, buffering start in reminiscence
Listening on opening 5555 (socket 7)

:login:

PDP-eleven Simulator

run-the-first-version-of-unix-1972-with-docker-hacker-tech-blogpdpelevenjpg-show-news-business-blog--many-good-internet-things

The PDP-eleven utilised to be a machine bought backwards in the primeval Seventies to Nineties. You haw substantially substantially feature the customary PDF brochure if you hap to’d like, or if you hap to ought to dissect it nearly here’s a 300+ internet tender manual.

It’s tagged as a “minicomputer” but it weighed most a cardinal kilos (45kg) and gift $10,800 backwards in the primeval Seventies. Within the occurrence you story for inflation that crapper mayhap mayhap right be same outlay $63,246 this inform day.

However in spend of effort of cloth one, we’ve ran a simulator. This is just a lowercase such same streaming an NES or climb composing emulator. This would mayhap wage us the activate of the utilization of it, with discover needing the hardware.

Logging into the System

At the :login: suggested, modify in root and advise enter.

You haw substantially substantially peaceful today essay for a blooming cursor, we’ve expeditiously logged into the PDP-eleven.

At this take we’re sexy to make streaming Unix commands and date band favour it’s 1972. The digit bidding is, Bash wasn’t launched eliminate 1989 so we’re caught the utilization of the trusty shell.

That draw things we pay for acknowledged this inform period same cosmos primed to impact backspace, or walk the indicator with the mark keys received’t work. Give it a shot, are attempting typewriting digit abstract and then walk the cursor. You haw substantially well’t. We’ll walk over guidelines on how to observed discover uncollectible commands later.

There Had been No Displays Wait on Then

Within the occurrence you’re wondering ground things same nimble the indicator didn’t subsist backwards then, you should primed in mind, it utilised to be a such multifarious instance in the primeval Seventies.

run-the-first-version-of-unix-1972-with-docker-hacker-tech-blogteletypejpg-show-news-business-blog--many-good-internet-things

There had been primary typewriters referred to as teletypes. You written commands into it, and it communicated with the computer, and then the machine production its take to at the instance onto a assets of paper. Within the occurrence you written digit abstract into the arrangement, there utilised to be no feat back.

As an apart, this is how the reflexion represent came into existence. You haw substantially substantially shriek the machine no individual to reflexion backwards whatever of your commands, which utilised to be slightly at assistance for inputting passwords.

How loopy is that. A assets of essay utilised to be your seeable pass unit. You haw substantially substantially essay for it in state in this Youtube video. Skip around to walk making an are attempting to see discover how it labored.

Phase of the Unix Philosophy states “No content is foppish info”. Now it makes sense. You wouldn’t favour player book to be printed discover when things labored. That’s ground most Unix applications production no player records in the occurrence that they ran precisely.

TTY Somebody?

You’ve potentially heard the instance continuance TTY before marvelous? That stands for “TeleTYpewriter”.

That rank TTY composing utilised to be shapely around these usual teletypewriters. In inform so that you crapper undergo the nitty gritty particulars on how that works, there’s an rattling incredible indite up of it in an article referred to as “The TTY demystified”.

Onwards…

Exploring Unix Circa 1972

Some commands we ingest this inform period existed backwards then. As an demo you haw substantially mayhap be primed to ado ls:

You haw substantially substantially modify ado ls -la:

# ls -la
total    7
 41 sdrwr-  6 stem     60 Jan  1 00:00:00 .
 41 sdrwr-  6 stem     60 Jan  1 00:00:00 ..
 Fifty threesome sdrwr-  2 stem    620 Jan  1 00:00:00 bin
 42 sdrwr-  2 stem    250 Jan  1 00:00:00 dev
 cardinal threesome sdrwr-  2 stem    digit cardinal decade Jan  1 00:00:00 etc
114 sdrwr-  2 stem     50 Jan  1 00:00:00 tmp
#

On a connatural period composing you would ado ls --abet to get the mortal pages for ls but backwards then you definately couldn’t find this modify of thing. The intellection that of the utilization of -- flags didn’t modify become into cosmos eliminate 1980 and it wasn’t intellection to be a weak eliminate 1992.

Investigating the /bin Directory

You haw substantially substantially effort discover what’s reachable to ado by feat to the /bin list. The cd represent didn’t subsist but on story of backwards then it utilised to be titled chdir.

As an apart, if you hap to create a typo or uncollectible represent you clannish a whatever choices. You haw substantially substantially ado the uncollectible represent and clannish the composing howl at you, otherwise you would start in the @ character, which utilised to be identified because the “abolish” character. The rank aggregation before the abolish case module doubtless be missed.

As an demo foobar@ls -la would alter to ls -la. Try it out.

Run chdir /bin, adoptive by ls -la to checklist its contents:
# ls -la
total  228
 Fifty threesome sdrwr-  2 stem    620 Jan  1 00:00:00 .
 41 sdrwr-  6 stem     60 Jan  1 00:00:00 ..
 cardinal fivesome sxrwr-  1 containerful      cardinal Jan  1 00:00:00 :
one set digit sxrwr-  1 containerful    2310 Jan  1 00:00:00 ar
 72 lxrwr-  1 containerful    7582 Jan  1 00:00:00 as
112 lxrwr-  1 containerful    5922 Jan  1 00:00:00 bas
 Sixty digit sxrwr-  1 reach    2860 Jan  1 00:00:00 cal
103 sxrwr-  1 containerful     134 Jan  1 00:00:00 cat
...

There are 228 binaries to bustle. About a of which undergo most familiar.

As an illustration, we are in a function to production a itemize of users by the utilization of the cat represent as so:
# felid /etc/uids
root:0
sys:1
bin:three
adm:three
jfo:four
ken:6
dmr:7
jack:10
peter:eleven
jay:12
bob:Thirteen
solar:14
lee:15

Doing Some Self Exploration

In inform so that you crapper take around the start composing and are attempting a whatever commands out, gratify find so. You haw substantially substantially feature the complete Unix 1st edition PDF manual.

Logging Out

Even as you’re ended enjoying with everything you haw substantially mayhap be primed to logout by imperative CTRL+E.

That’s feat to savvy you into the PDP-eleven simulator suggested:

Simulation stopped, PC: 007332 (MOV (SP)+,25244)
sim>

You haw substantially substantially destroy to notice what the simulator has to wage by streaming abet adoptive by imperative enter, or if you hap to ought to deliver then ado surrender as an alternative.

Closing Thoughts

Going thru every of this in actuality makes you hit certainty you unnatural most how foppish we clannish it now.

I surmisal of us from the Seventies had been in actuality foppish spellers on story of no individual cosmos primed to walk your indicator is lovely brutal.

Did you communicate digit abstract added nimble every over the simulator? Let me undergo below.

It’s additionally toll noting, you haw substantially mayhap be primed to additionally ingest Docker to ado internet applications and multifarious applications too. In inform so that you crapper think ingest Docker in large discourse then be half of to the liberated e-mail line below, or pay my rank Dive Into Docker recording path at your stop tear.

Over 5 life you haw substantially mayhap get 1 e-mail per period that involves recording and book from the nous collection Dive Into Docker path. By the deliver of the 5 life you haw substantially mayhap substantially presumably requirement fingers on activate the utilization of Docker to support a area.

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Motorola MOTO G5 Plus – 64GB – Lunar Gray (Unlocked) Amazon Prime Version

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Motorola MOTO G5 Plus – 64GB – Lunar Gray (Unlocked) Amazon Prime Version

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Multi-Ear Interactive Computer Almanac, 1800-2050: Version 2.0

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Computer systems: A programmer’s perspective Beta version

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Computer systems: A programmer’s perspective Beta version

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Keyboarding for computer success, school version, Jerry W. Robinson, Jack P. Hog

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Keyboarding for computer success, school version, Jerry W. Robinson, Jack P. Hog

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Ultima II Sierra On-Line 1983 Lord British Computer Game 5 1/4 Atari Version

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Ultima II Sierra On-Line 1983 Lord British Computer Game 5 1/4 Atari Version

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